During Dutch Colonization, Dutch people built a city with defensive functions called Provintia in Chihkan. The name Provintia means province in English. (The Han people called it Chihkan, Fanzailo or Hongmaolo).
When Jheng, Cheng-gong defeated the Dutch and recovered Taiwan, he took over Puluominjhe and established the Chengtian Prefecture at Chamber of Red Hill. Later when Jheng moved to Provintia in Anping, Puluominjhe became a magazine until the Ching Government took over Taiwan.
During the Ching Dynasty, locals built a Dashih Temple next to Provintia, it was the first Chinese architecture to appear next to a Dutch castle in Taiwan. When the Japanese took over Taiwan, Chihkanlo became an army garrison hospital. It was appointed as an important historical site in 1935. In the subsequent restorations after the restoration of Taiwan, the original wooden structure was changed to an RC structure, the front gate went from facing west to facing south. In 1971 it was listed as a Class I Historic Site.
Both the Haishen Temple and Wenchang Pavilion have double-eave round hip roofs, and the top eave has long corners curving upward. The tail has leaping carp decorations spitting out bubbles. These decorations have formed a fabulous and vivid picture.
Stone turtle tablets
After the successful suppression of the revolt led by Lin, Suang-wun during the Cianlong Reign, Emperor Cianlong wrote five epics to commemorate the event. He also made them inscribed on stone tables in Manchurian and Chinese. These tablets are the stone turtle tablets at Chihkanlo. They are the most magnificent and characteristic tablets in Taiwan.
The base of these stone turtle tablets is made of granite, about 80cm tall. The stone turtle is called bici, one of the nine sons of dragon. It likes carrying heavy objects on its back; therefore, it is often used as the base of tablets.
Location: No.212, Sec. 2, Minzu Rd., West Central District, Tainan City 700, Taiwan (R.O.C.)